What You Should Know About Drug Abuse Disorders ? – Health care

What You Should Know About Drug Abuse Disorders

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Drug Abuse Disorders
Drug Abuse Disorders

 

Overview

Drug abuse is a health condition that involves the use of compulsive drugs. It begins when drug use impairs the ability to function daily. It can be with a prescription or over-the-counter medications.

Medical professionals previously used the term “drug abuse” to describe drug abuse. Another term for drug abuse is addiction. This is different from trust.

Drug abuse has a profound effect on public health. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 70,000 people in the United States have died from a drug overdose in 2017. And each year, some 88,000 people in the United States die as a result of alcohol abuse United States.

Drug abuse can lead to other public health problems, such as:

  • drunk and paralyzed driving
  • violence
  • family depression
  • opportunities for child abuse and neglect

Sharing or reusing needles for intravenous drug use also increases the risk of contracting and transmitting infectious diseases, including HIV and hepatitis.

The American Psychiatric Association (APA) defines drug use disorders as a disorder of the brain. It is characterized by repeated drug use despite the side effects. Drug abuse involves many social and biological aspects.

The most effective way to prevent drug abuse is through education.

Risk factors

Drug abuse and addiction can affect anyone. However, other factors can increase the risk of drug abuse.

As is the case with most cases, genes play a vital role in addiction. Studies show that genetic factors may be responsible for 40 to 60 percent of a person’s tendency to develop a substance abuse problem.

Other risk factors for developing substance abuse problems include:

  • physical, sexual, or emotional abuse
  • exposure to trauma
  • family members or peers who are abusive or abusive
  • access to these items
  • mental health problems, such as:
    • depression
    • anxiety
    • food disorders
    • personality disorder
    • drug use at an early age
    • Adolescent drug abuse

Young people may try certain things. Their brains are not yet fully developed, so they do not have the same ability to make decisions as adults. Thus, they may have problems with substance abuse.

Risks of teenage drug abuse include:

  • parents or family members who abuse drugs
  • childhood abuse, such as abuse or neglect
  • peer pressure to use things
  • bullying
  • gang
  • certain conditions, such as ADHD or depression

Having one or more of these risk factors does not mean that someone will become addicted. However, when the most dangerous factors are present, the likelihood that drug use will increase to substance abuse or addiction.

Depressants

Drugs that are considered drugs (or central nervous system depressants) reduce activity in your central nervous system (CNS). They make you feel comfortable and sleepy.

However, the effects of stress vary depending on the amount used and the individual’s direct response to the object.

For example, low doses of antidepressant drugs can have a stimulating effect and cause a sense of well-being. High doses cause depressing effects, such as mental retardation or loss of communication.

Alcohol

Your body quickly absorbs alcohol from your stomach and small intestines into your bloodstream. Alcohol impairs brain function and motor skills. It can affect all parts of your body. Alcohol can also harm the developing fetus.

Moderate alcohol consumption may be part of a healthy diet. One standard drink Reliable Source is equal:

  • 12 ounces of beer
  • 8 to 9 ounces of malt alcohol
  • 5 ounces of wine
  • 1.5 kg of alcohol

But heavy alcohol consumption increases the risk of:

  • liver disease
  • stroke
  • cancer

Alcohol abuse occurs when your alcohol consumption affects your daily life, such as your ability to work or maintain relationships. Overuse of alcohol can damage your health over time.

Alcohol is a major recreational activity in the United States. A 2018 national study on substance abuse and Health (NSDUH) found that, in 30 days, approximately 139.8 million Americans aged 12 years and older (51.1 percent) used alcohol at least once, and Americans 1 million -16.6 reported heavy alcohol use.

Heroin

Heroin is an opioid. Like morphine, heroin is made from the seeds of the poppy plant or opium. Heroin is also called:

  • share
  • H
  • ska
  • garbage

It is usually injected into a vein, smoked, or rubbed. It can also be treated rectally. Heroin produces a feeling of happiness and blurred thinking, followed by a state of drowsiness.

Heroin use can lead to:

  • heart problems
  • miscarriage
  • drug overdose
  • death

Frequent use of heroin leads to increased tolerance. This means that over time, you may need to take extra items to get the results you want. If it stops abruptly, withdrawal symptoms often appear. As a result, many heroin users continue to use it to avoid illness.

Incentives

Incentives increase CNS activity. They can make a person feel more alert, enthusiastic, or confident for a while.

Misuse can lead to serious risks, such as:

  • insomnia
  • heart problems
  • fainting

Cocaine

Cocaine is a powerful substance. It is injected into a vein, drained, or smoked. Cocaine produces strong emotions and happiness. Also called:

  • ancestor
  • C
  • break up
  • snow
  • flake
  • further

Cocaine use increases:

  • body temperature
  • blood pressure
  • heart rate

Hard and long-term cocaine use can lead to:

  • heart disease
  • respiratory failure
  • lashes
  • fainting
  • death

The 2018 NSDUH found that approximately 5.5 million Americans aged 12 and overused cocaine last year.

Methamphetamines

Methamphetamine is closely related to amphetamine. It can be sprayed, injected, or burned, and smoked. Other methamphetamine names include:

  • Ashoka
  • medicines
  • snow
  • crystal
  • I’m happy
  • speed
  • crank

Methamphetamine can produce long-term wakefulness. It can also increase physical activity, which can lead to an increase in:

  • heart rate
  • body temperature
  • blood pressure

When used for a long time, methamphetamine can lead to:

  • emotional problems
  • violent behavior
  • anxiety
  • confusion
  • insomnia
  • severe dental problems
  • Marijuana

Marijuana is a dried mixture of the following components of the cannabis plant:

  • flowers
  • degrees
  • seeds
  • leaves

It can be smoked or accepted with a variety of edible products. It can express feelings of happiness, distorted ideas, and problem-solving problems. Marijuana is also called:

  • ganja
  • pot
  • weed
  • grass
  • 420
  • trees

NSDUH estimates that 43.5 million Americans 12 years of age and older will use marijuana by 2018.

Research has supported and continues to test the ability of marijuana to treat certain medical conditions, such as glaucoma and the side effects of chemotherapy.

‘Group’ drugs

This section covers a wide range of items that people often use at dance events, clubs, and bars.

They include the following:

Gamma hydroxybutyrate (GHB). It is also known as traumatic brain injury, G, and liquid ecstasy.

Ketamine. Ketamine is also known as K, special K, vitamin K, and cat valium.

Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA). MDMA is also known as ecstasy, X, XTC, adam, clarity, and molly.

Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD). LSD is also known as acid.

Flunitrazepam (Rohypnol). Flunitrazepam is also known as R2 or as a roofing pill, Sophie, Roche, or forget-me-pill.

Club drugs can lead to feelings of happiness, separation, or depression. Because of their sleep deprivation, roofies are mainly used for sexual harassment, or “rape of the day,” in unsuspecting people.

They can cause:

  • major temporary mental health problems, such as delirium
  • Health problems, such as rapid heartbeat, fainting, and dehydration
  • death

The risks of these side effects increase when they are mixed with alcohol.

Other compounds

Other commonly used items do not fall into the categories above.

Anabolic steroids

Anabolic steroids are also known as:

  • juice
  • exercise candy
  • pumps
  • stackers

Steroids are substances made in the lab. They imitate testosterone, the male sex hormone, and are taken orally or injected.

In the United States, they are legal with a prescription. However, some athletes misuse it to improve performance and build strength.

Steroid abuse can cause serious and chronic health problems, including:

  • aggressive behavior
  • liver damage
  • high blood pressure
  • high cholesterol
  • infertility

Women who abuse steroids experience additional symptoms, such as:

  • facial hair growth
  • changes in the menstrual cycle
  • baldness
  • deep voice

Teenagers who abuse steroids may be:

  • disability growth
  • rapid puberty
  • heavy acne
  • Inhalants

The act of using inhalants is sometimes known as singing. Inhalants are also known as:

  • its whip
  • poppers
  • snappers

Inhalants are chemical vapors that people inhale to get mind-altering effects. They include common products, such as:

  • iglu
  • hair spray
  • love
  • a simple liquid

Temporary effects create a feeling similar to alcohol use.

Using inhalants is associated with risks. They can lead to:

  • loss of feeling
  • loss of consciousness
  • hearing loss
  • spasms
  • brain injury
  • heart failure

The 2018 NSDUH found that approximately 2 million people aged 12 and overused inhalants last year. That represents 0.7 percent of Americans in this age group.
Medication

Many people are given painkillers and other conditions. Prescription drug abuse occurs when you are taking an over-the-counter medication, or taking it for reasons other than those prescribed by your doctor.

Some people who take these drugs may have problems using the drug, even while taking the prescribed medication.

These medications may include:

pain management opioids, such as fentanyl (Duragesic, Subsys), oxycodone (OxyContin, Xtampza ER), or acetaminophen/hydrocodone
anxiety or sleeping pills, such as alprazolam (Xanax) or diazepam (Valium)
stimulants, such as methylphenidate (Ritalin) or amphetamine/dextroamphetamine (Adderall)
Their effects may vary from drug to drug, but misuse of prescription drugs may result in:

  • drowsiness
  • depressed breathing
  • slow brain function
  • anxiety
  • paranoia
  • fainting

Drug abuse has increased the Reliable Source in the last few decades. This is because they are now widely available.

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