What Is dababy HIV? Who Gets It? – Health care

What is the issue of HIV? Who Finds It? – Health care

aids symptoms | HIV symptoms | sexually transmitted infection

Front view of a cropped hand wearing surgical gloves and holding mRNA vaccine multidose vial for HIV (We look forward to seeing this coming into being)

HIV is a virus that lives in human blood, secretions, and breast milk. It weakens your immune system, so your body has a hard time fighting off the common germs, germs, fungi, and other invaders. It is mainly spread by contact with unprotected sex and sharing needles.

AIDS – acquired immune deficiency syndrome – is a condition in which your immune system stops working and you become ill because of HIV.

Who Finds It?

The infection spreads from person to person when a certain body fluid is administered, usually during vaginal or anal sex, or when injecting drugs. It can also be transmitted through dirty needles from tattoos and body piercings. It can be transmitted through oral sex, too, though the chances are slim.

Mothers can pass HIV to their baby at birth when the baby is exposed to his or her infected blood, or his or her breast milk. But in some parts of the developing world, it is safer for HIV-positive mothers to breastfeed for a few months than to give birth to contaminated water, especially if they are receiving HIV treatment (see below).

HIV is not as easy to get as other infectious diseases. A virus cannot survive long without a human body; dies as soon as the body fluids dry out. It is no longer transmitted by animals or insects. You will not find it in public places like door handles or toilet seats.

All blood products used in the United States and Western Europe today are tested for HIV. Blood banks remove any donated blood that they are found to have, so it never enters the community. A person who donates HIV-positive blood will be contacted for a medical examination, and they will not be able to donate blood again.

Where Is It Spread?

HIV is spread all over the world, but Sub-Saharan Africa (the southern part) has the highest prevalence. The World Health Organization and the UNAIDS United Nations estimate that more than one-third of adults are living with HIV in some parts of Africa. There are many cases of HIV in South and Southeast Asia. The number of HIV-positive people in Eastern Europe is growing as a result of injecting drug use.

There are two main types of this virus: HIV-1 and HIV-2. HIV-2 is more commonly found in West Africa, although other parts of the world are also aware of it. HIV testing usually looks at both types.

Living with HIV and AIDS

The first recorded case of AIDS in the United States was in 1981 (looking back, some cases occurred at the beginning of the world). Since then, an estimated 35 million people worldwide have died from the diseases associated with this disease.

Now, a combination of drugs has turned HIV into a long-term infection that you can control, even if HIV has spread to AIDS. At the end of 2017, about 37 million people worldwide were living with HIV, including about two million children. About 22 million of these people were receiving these life-saving treatments. If you work closely with your doctor and stick to your treatment plan, you can live longer and expect a normal life expectancy.

It can take HIV for years to damage your immune system enough to put you at risk for certain diseases, such as a type of skin cancer called Kaposi’s sarcoma. These other “opportunistic infections” are symptoms of AIDS, as people with a healthy immune system rarely get it. HIV treatment, if taken early, can prevent the progression of AIDS.

Because there are medicines you can take, some groups of people believe that they no longer need to worry about HIV, despite the many chances of getting the virus. But the treatment does not change the fact that HIV is a potentially dangerous disease.

HIV and AIDS drugs can be expensive. Despite effective treatment programs for HIV-positive people in countries with limited resources, many people around the world living with the virus and its problems still have difficulty finding the treatment they need.

What Put You at Risk of HIV?

HIV is transmitted to another person through blood, semen, pre-cum secretions, vaginal fluids and rectum, and breast milk. So you are at risk when body fluids from an infected person can come in contact with yours.

Some of the things you do now can increase your chances of getting HIV, but you can’t change the things you were born with or experienced in the past.

Unsafe sex

One of the most common ways you can get HIV is to have vaginal or anal sex with an HIV-positive person. You can transmit HIV during oral sex, too, but that is rare. It is also dangerous if you do not know if your partner is HIV positive or not, because they may be infected. The more sex you have, the more likely you are to get HIV.

Using condoms, barriers, and dental dams will help keep you safe, but not perfect.

Your choice of a partner is also important. Having sex with someone more likely to get (and as a result) become HIV-positive – sells sex or uses IV drugs, for example – raises your chances for you too.

Shared needles

Another major risk is the reuse of needles, syringes, or other substances that a person with HIV does not inject to inject drugs, whether prescribed by a doctor or illegal. You should never use your own again.

You can also get HIV from a needle used for piercing or tattooing if it is not sterilized after piercing or drawing an HIV-positive person.

An accidental stick from a dirty needle or medical device may cause HIV, but that is very rare.

Alcohol And Drugs For Recreation

Because this can reduce your judgment, you may have to do other risky things, such as having unprotected sex.

Sexually Transmitted Infections

An STD such as herpes, chlamydia, syphilis, or gonorrhea may cause changes in the vagina or penis that make it easier for HIV to pass through you during sex.

An accidental stick from a dirty needle or medical device may cause HIV, but that is very rare.

Alcohol And Drugs For Recreation

Because this can reduce your judgment, you may have to do other risky things, such as having unprotected sex.

Sexually Transmitted Infections

An STD such as herpes, chlamydia, syphilis, or gonorrhea may cause changes in the vagina or penis that make it easier for HIV to pass through you during sex.

How Do You Get HIV?

We have come a long way since the days when people were so worried about getting HIV that they completely avoided people with it. However, some people may not be sure what is safe and what is not.

HIV is indeed a virus, like the flu or the flu – but it does not spread in the same way. It is very difficult to catch. You can only get it when certain fluids from an infected person enter your body.

So how did that happen?

From the hug?

No. HIV is transmitted only through certain body fluids: blood, semen, semen (from the vagina before ejaculation), vaginal fluid and sperm, and breast milk. Embracing and shaking hands is safe.

From Kissing?

It does happen, but it never happens. HIV is not spread through saliva.

But if you kiss an infected person and bleed gums or sores, you can get the virus if you have sores or sores near or in your mouth – due to contact with blood and blood.

From Someone’s Coughing or Sneezing?

No, the virus does not travel through the air.

Tears, Sweat, Vomiting, or Urination?

Not so. Sweat and tears do not carry HIV. And although they may have low blood pressure, there are no reported cases of HIV from vomiting or urination.

From vaginal sex?

Yes, and any partner can get it!

Women can get HIV through the tissues that line the vagina and cervix. The virus can enter men through the opening of their penis or a small wound or wound in them. Women are especially vulnerable when it comes to infertility.

Effective HIV treatment (antiretroviral therapy) will greatly reduce the chances of an HIV-positive person being able to pass HIV to his or her partner in this way. However, even if you are taking HIV treatment, use a condom to reduce the chances of the virus passing through you, as well as getting any other sexually transmitted infections.

From anal sex?

Yes. Any partner can get it from someone else, but the intruder is in danger.

And while condoms work to protect you if they stay in place, they are more likely to break during anal sex. It is wise to use a safe condom (not oil-based) to reduce the friction and risk of condoms. to break.

Also, effective antiretroviral treatment for an HIV-positive partner will reduce the chances of HIV transmission. However, condoms should be used to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted infections.

From Oral Sex?

The chances are much lower than when you go for anal or vaginal sex. Still, it is possible.

A person who ends up with sperm or vaginal fluid in the mouth is at greater risk. Also, use a condom, latex barrier, or toothpaste.

From the Toilet or Fountain?

No, for several reasons. First, there can be no proper type of body fluid in public places. And if it did, the virus would probably die before you got to it; it cannot live long without a body. And it will still have to pass through your skin or get in some way.

From Drinking the Same Glass?

That is not a problem. Sharing dishes, glasses, and dining utensils are safe. Remember, HIV is not in the saliva, and it dries quickly when it is outside the body.

About Foods Made by an HIV-positive person?

Probably not, even if there are traces of blood or other fluids in it. The virus cannot survive the cooking process or your stomach acid.

Foodborne transmission of HIV occurs only in rare cases, where children eat food that has been chewed by an infected person.

From Mosquitoes or Markers?

No, not about insects.

From Sharing Needles?

Yes, and they are not just needles. Any substance used to prepare injections – syringes, bottle caps, spoons, or utensils – can be infected if a person with HIV first uses them.

From Tattoos or Body Piercing?

Theoretically, yes, if the needles were used on someone with HIV before you and no longer had sterilization. But the CDC says no cases have been reported that a person has contracted the virus in this way.

About Blood Transfusions?

And, in fact, yes, but in the U.S., there is little risk. Careful testing confirms that the items in the blood bank are HIV-negative.

By Touching an Open Wound on Someone With HIV?

It is possible. Body fluids such as blood can pass through broken skin, wounds, or mucous membranes. But it is very rare.

When Someone With HIV Bites, Scratches, or Spits You?

It can happen if the itching or scratch breaks your skin, but (yes, again) it is very rare. And if your skin does not break, there is no chance.

From Your Mother (If You Are A Child)?

HIV-infected women can pass the virus to their baby during pregnancy or childbirth, or through breast milk. The chances are very low, however, if the mother is taking effective HIV treatment (antiretroviral therapy) throughout her pregnancy, labor, and delivery.

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