Did you know High Blood Pressure and ED ? – Health care

High Blood Pressure and ED

high bp symptoms | average blood pressure | erectile dysfunction treatment

Smiling daughter checking father's pressure at home
Smiling daughter checking father’s pressure at home

 

Overview

High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, can contribute to erectile dysfunction (ED). Some of the medications used to treat high blood pressure can also cause ED. According to the authors of another study, Trusted Source, about 30 percent of men with high blood pressure also have ED. Finding a drug that treats high blood pressure without causing ED is a goal for many men.

The first step toward this goal is to learn about the relationship between ED, high blood pressure, and hypertension. Changing your lifestyle can also help.

High blood pressure and ED

High blood pressure damages your arteries. Over time, it can cause your arteries to become inflexible and thin. This slows down your blood flow. Not only does it put you at risk of heart attack and stroke, but it also reduces the blood flow to your penis. Proper blood flow to the arteries is essential for obtaining and maintaining an appetite.

If left untreated, high blood pressure can cause ED. However, other antihypertensive drugs may also impair sexual function and cause ED. It may seem like a vicious circle, but it is not. Not all high blood pressure medications cause ED.

Blood pressure medications and ED

Some blood pressure drugs are more likely to lead to ED than others. If you are learning what high blood pressure drugs are likely to cause erectile dysfunction as a side effect, you can talk to your doctor about them. This will help you find the right treatment for you both inside and outside the bedroom.

High blood pressure drugs are most likely to cause ED

Two types of blood pressure drugs – beta-blockers and diuretics – are more likely to cause ED.

Beta-blockers: These drugs affect the same part of the nervous system that triggers cravings. But they do stop the flow of blood through the penis, which can prevent you from ejaculating. Examples of beta-blockers include:

  • Metoprolol (Lopressor, Toprol-XL)
  • Atenolol (Tenormin)
  • Propranolol (Inderal)
  • carvedilol (Coreg)

Diuretics: Diuretics are also called water pills. They can cause the blood flow to your penis to decrease dramatically. This makes finding pride difficult. Diuretics are also known to be low in zinc levels, which can reduce the amount of testosterone your body produces. Next, this may reduce your sexual desire. It can also affect the contraction of your muscles.

Blood pressure drugs that are likely to cause ED

Some blood pressure drugs have a few reports of ED from men who have taken them. These drugs include:

  • angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II receptor blockers
  • alpha-blockers
  • calcium channel blockers

Talk to your doctor

Your doctor may be able to change your treatment for high blood pressure to reduce your chances of having ED. For some men, conversion may be a matter of dose adjustment. Some men may need a completely different type of medication.

Talk openly about your side effects and any other medications and ingredients you use. This information can help your doctor determine what is causing your ED. It will also help your doctor determine the best course of action for your treatment.

Diastole vs. Systole: Blood Pressure Guide

Overview

When you visit your doctor, the first thing they usually do is check your blood pressure. This is an important step because your blood pressure is a measure of how hard your heart works.

Your heart is a muscle just the size of your fist. It is made up of four chambers and contains four valves. The valves open and close so that blood can flow through the chambers and in and out of your heart. According to the American Heart AssociationTrusted Source, your heart beats 60 to 100 times per minute, or about 100,000 times a day. As it strikes, blood is forced into your artery walls.

Your systolic blood pressure is the highest number in your study. It measures blood pressure in the walls of your arteries while your ventricles – the two lower chambers of your heart – squeeze, pumping blood throughout your body.

Your diastolic blood pressure is the lowest number in your study. Measure blood pressure against the walls of your arteries as your heart relaxes and the ventricles are allowed to replenish blood. Diastole – this is the time when your heart is free from heartbeat – and it is also the time when your coronary artery can supply blood to your heart.

Blood pressure level

Your blood pressure may be normal, high, or low. High blood pressure is also called hypertension, and low blood pressure is called hypotension. The American Heart AssociationTrusted Source defines different blood pressure levels in adults:

Normal: less than 120 systolic and 80 diastolic
Height: 120–129 systolic and less than 80 diastolic
Stage hypertension 1: 130-139 systolic or 80-89 diastolic
Stage 2 hypertension: at least 140 systolic or at least 90 diastolic
High blood pressure: more than 180 systolic and/or more than 120 diastolic
Hypotension: maybe 90 or less systolic, or diastolic 60 or less, but these numbers may vary because symptoms help to determine when blood pressure is too low.

High and low-risk factors for high blood pressure

Both high blood pressure and low blood pressure need to be controlled. All in all, it is very common to have high blood pressure. According to the American College of Cardiology, about half of adults in the United States now agree with the new definition of high blood pressure. Not surprisingly, the dangerous features of these two conditions are quite different.

Dangerous features of high blood pressure

Your gender affects your risk of high blood pressure. The American Heart AssociationTrusted Source states that men are at greater risk for high blood pressure than women under the age of 64. But at 65 years of age and older, women are at greater risk than men. Your risk is also higher if:

  • you have a close relative with high blood pressure
  • he is African-American
  • you are overweight or obese
  • you have diabetes
  • has high cholesterol
  • you have kidney disease

Your lifestyle also affects your level of risk. Your risk is high if:

  • you don’t get a lot of physical activity
  • experience chronic stress
  • drink a lot of alcohol
  • he smokes
  • Your diet is high in salt, sugar, and fat

Sleep apnea is a dangerous component of high blood pressure that is often overlooked. It is a condition that causes you to stop breathing or breathing that does not work once or more during sleep.

When your breathing is in short supply, your oxygen levels will drop and your blood vessels will constrict. This increases your blood pressure. When sleep apnea persists, this increase in blood pressure may continue during the day when breathing is normal. Properly treating sleep apnea will help lower blood pressure.

Dangerous features of low blood pressure

If you are over 65, you may be at risk for orthostatic hypotension, a condition in which your blood pressure drops from sitting to standing. Endocrine disorders, neurological disorders, heart problems, heart failure, and anemia can also cause this condition.

You may also be at risk of low blood pressure if you are dehydrated or taking certain prescription drugs such as:

  • high blood pressure medications
  • diuretics
  • nitrates
  • medications for anxiety or depression
  • medications for erectile dysfunction

Lower blood pressure can also be caused by a variety of heart problems, hormones, or the nervous system. These include:

  • thyroid problems
  • pregnancy
  • unusual heart rhythms
  • abnormal heart valves
  • Postural orthostatic tachycardia syndrome (POTS)
  • diabetes
  • spinal cord injury
  • multiple sclerosis (MS)
  • Parkinson’s disease

Treating high or low blood pressure

Types of treatment are available for high or low blood pressure.

Treating high blood pressure

Lifestyle changes are recommended as a first step in treating any stage of high blood pressure. These changes may include:

  • eliminate unhealthy foods, such as excess sugar and saturated fat, from your diet
  • eat healthier foods such as lean meat, fish, fruits and vegetables, and whole grains
  • reducing sodium in your diet
  • drinking plenty of water
  • getting daily physical activity
  • quitting smoking
  • to maintain a healthy weight
  • reducing alcohol consumption (drinking one or more drinks a day for women, and two or less a day for men)
  • stress management
  • monitor your blood pressure regularly

In addition to these steps, consider whether you are taking medications that may increase your blood pressure, such as cold medicine, diet pills, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). If so, your doctor may recommend that you discontinue the medication, change your medication, or adjust your dosage.

However, lifestyle changes and medication adjustments may not be enough to lower your blood pressure. If so, or if you have stage 2 hypertension or have experienced high blood pressure, your doctor will probably prescribe one or more blood pressure medications.

Prescribed drugs usually include:

  • diuretics
  • beta-blockers
  • calcium channel blockers
  • Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors
  • angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBs)
  • alpha-blockers

This drug will be placed on top of ongoing lifestyle changes.

Treating low blood pressure

Treatment of low blood pressure depends on the cause of the condition.

If a drug causes low blood pressure, your doctor may adjust your dose or stop your treatment.

If low blood pressure is caused by an infection, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics to treat the infection. Or if it is caused by anemia, your doctor may prescribe iron or vitamin B-12 as a supplement.

If a health condition or disease is causing low blood pressure, your doctor needs to determine the cause. Properly managing the problem can help improve or reduce episodes of low blood pressure.

High or low blood pressure problems

High blood pressure does not cause symptoms unless you are in high blood pressure. It is known as the “silent killer” because it silently damages your blood vessels and organs, and you may not realize you have them until the damage is done. Uncontrolled high blood pressure can lead to:

  • stroke
  • heart failure
  • heart disease
  • vision problems
  • loss of vision
  • kidney disease
  • sexual dysfunction
  • aneurysm

On the other hand, very low blood pressure will cause symptoms. Symptoms or complications that may occur due to low blood pressure may include:

  • dizziness
  • fainting
  • fainting
  • chest pain
  • fall
  • loss of balance
  • nausea
  • thirst
  • inability to concentrate
  • head
  • blurred vision
  • fatigue
  • shortness of breath
  • shortness of breath
  • glossy skin
  • blue skin

Preventing high blood pressure problems

The good news is that there are things you can do to prevent high blood pressure.

Prevent high blood pressure

You can prevent high blood pressure before it starts, or reduce your risk if you follow a healthy lifestyle. Following the steps outlined above under “Treatment for high or low blood pressure” can help prevent you from developing high blood pressure.

In addition, if you suspect that you have symptoms of sleep apnea, such as snoring, daytime sleepiness, or restless sleep, talk to your doctor about sleep education. Sleep apnea is believed to affect at least 25 million American adults. ResearchTrusted Source has shown that using a CPAP machine while sleeping can lower blood pressure in people with sleep disorders.

Prevent low blood pressure

To help prevent low blood pressure, drink plenty of fluids, preferably water, to prevent dehydration. Stand slightly up from a sitting position to help prevent orthostatic hypotension.

Also, inform your doctor immediately if you notice that a drug is causing your blood pressure to drop. There may be another drug option that will have a small effect on your blood pressure numbers.

In addition, if you are diagnosed with any medical condition that is known to be related to low blood pressure, consult your doctor. Discuss what symptoms you should look for and how you can better monitor your condition.

Outlook

For most people, high or low blood pressure is under control. With high blood pressure, your vision is much better when you take life-support steps that promote wholehearted health and follow your doctor’s recommendations regarding medication to control your blood pressure. With low blood pressure, it is important to identify the cause and follow any recommended treatment options.

Because high blood pressure does not cause symptoms, once you have been diagnosed with it, it is important to measure your blood pressure regularly. This is true even if you are taking blood pressure medications. And whether you have high or low blood pressure, tracking your systolic and diastolic numbers is a good way to measure how well your lifestyle changes or medications are working.

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