What Is a Fungal Infection?
A fungal infection, also called mycosis, is a skin disease caused by a fungus.
There are millions of species of fungi. They live in dirty areas, on plants, indoors, and your skin. In some cases, they can lead to skin problems such as rashes or bumps.
Symptoms of Fungal Infection
Fungal infections can cause:
- Enamel skin
Types of fungal infections
Skin fungal infections can occur anywhere in y+our body. Some of the most common are athlete’s foot, jock itch, worms, and yeast infections.
Tinea Pedis Photo of athlete’s foot, also called tinea pedis, is a fungal infection of the foot.
The fungus thrives in warm, humid places such as shoes, socks, swimming pools, locker rooms, and public showers. They are usually found in summer and tropical and subtropical areas. It often happens to people who wear tight shoes, who do not change their sweaty socks, and who use public baths and pools.
The cause of the athlete’s foot
The fungus on the back of the athlete’s foot resides in the dead tissue of your hair, nails, and outer layers. At least four species of fungi can cause infection. The most common is the Trichophyton rubrum.
Symptoms of an athlete’s foot
The symptoms of an athlete’s foot vary from person to person. You may be:
- Squeezing, cracking, and scaly feet
- Red, soft, or broken skin
Types of athlete’s foot
- Interdigital. These are also called web toe infections. Most people with athletic feet have this form. It usually occurs between your two very small toes. The infection can spread to the soles of your feet.
- Moccasin. This form can start with irritation, dryness, itching, or cracked skin. Over time, your skin may thicken and crack. This infection can spread to the rest of your body and spread to the sides of your foot.
- Vesicular. This is a rare athlete’s foot. It usually begins with a sudden eruption of fluid-filled blisters, usually under your foot. And they may appear between your toes, your heel, or the top of your foot.
Diagnosis of Runner’s feet
Not all biting and scaly feet are caused by fungus. Your doctor may remove a thin layer of skin and examine it under a microscope to examine a different condition.
Runner’s Foot Treatment
Your doctor may prescribe antifungals that you will apply to your skin or, in extreme cases, another form you can use orally. Be sure to keep your feet clean and dry.
Blocking the player’s foot
To avoid getting a foot athlete, wear sandals in public baths, wear shoes that allow your feet to breathe, and wash your feet daily with soap and water. Dry well, and use quality foot powder.
A type of fungus called tinea causes itching. The infection is also known as tinea cruris. Tinea prefers warm and moist areas such as genitals, thighs, and buttocks. Infections usually occur in the summer or warm, wet areas.
Jock itch is a red, stinging rash that is usually ring-shaped.
Is jock itch contagious?
It is only slightly contagious. It can spread from person to person through direct or indirect contact with fungal substances.
Signs of Jock itch
Symptoms of jock itch include:
- Itching, bruising or burning in your thighs or thighs
- Red, circular, raised edges
- Redness in the hips or thighs
- Open, cracked, or cracked skin
Diagnosis of Jock itch
Doctors can diagnose your appearance and your body. They may look at a skin sample under a microscope to be sure.
Jock itch treatment
Keep the affected area clean and dry. Antifungal medications available over the counter can cure most cases of jock itch. In extreme cases, your doctor may need to give you a prescription. Regardless of your treatment, be sure to:
- Wash and dry the area with a clean towel
- Use the antifungal medication as directed
- Change clothes – especially your underwear – every day
Ringworm also called tinea corporis, is not a worm but a fungus. It is named after its ring-shaped curve with worm-shaped curves.
Is ringworm contagious?
The worm can be spread by direct contact with infected people or animals. You can also pick up clothes or furniture. Heat and humidity can help spread the disease.
Symptoms of ringworm
Rings are red, circular, flat lesions, and scabies. The outer part of the wound may be elevated while the inner skin appears normal. Peaches or red rings may overlap.
Diagnosis of ringworm
Your doctor may be able to diagnose ringworm according to your symptoms. They may ask if you have come in contact with infected people or animals. They may also take samples from place to place under a microscope to make sure.
Treatment usually involves antifungal medications that you apply to your skin. You can use over-the-counter cream as:
- Clotrimazole (Lotrimin, Mycelex)
- Miconazole (Micatin, Monistat-Derm)
- Terbinafine (Lamisil)
In severe cases, you may need to take prescription drugs or take them orally.
Yeast infections in your skin are called cutaneous candidiasis. A fungus called candida causes these diseases when it grows too fast. Yeast infections are not contagious.
Infections are most common in warm, wet, dry areas of your body, including the armpits and pelvis. It often happens to people who are overweight or obese. People taking antibiotics are also at greater risk.
Candida can cause diaper rash in children. It can also cause infections in your kidneys, genitals, or mouth (oral thrush).
Symptoms of yeast infection
Symptoms of yeast infection on your skin include:
- Tracts produce clear liquids
- Bumps are like bumps
Symptoms of yeast infection on your nail beds include:
- A white or yellow nail that separates from the nail bed
Signs of thrush (yeast infection of your mouth) include:
- White patches on your tongue and inside your cheeks
Signs of a vaginal yeast infection include:
- White or yellow discharge from your vagina
- Redness in the external area of your vagina
Your doctor will ask about your medical history and do a physical exam. They might also take a sample from the affected area to look at under a microscope.
Yeast infection treatment
Treatment depends on the infection. Medicated creams can treat most skin yeast infections.
For a vaginal infection, you can usually use medicated suppositories.
A medicated mouthwash or lozenges that dissolve in your mouth may treat oral thrush.
If you have a severe infection or a weakened immune system, you might need anti-yeast medications that you take by mouth.
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