Hepatitis A & B Vaccines: Why You Should Get Them – Health care

Hepatitis A & B Vaccines: Why You Should Get Them

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Hepatitis Vaccines
Hepatitis Vaccines

You may have a family member with viral hepatitis. Or perhaps you have recently seen a news report of a celebrity who contracted hepatitis A or B. For whatever reason, you want to be informed of a viral infection that you may not have thought of. What is viral hepatitis? Are you at risk? Do you need vaccines for viral hepatitis?

Hepatitis A and B: Liver Disease

Hepatitis is an inflammation of the liver, which is usually caused by a viral infection. There are three common types of viral hepatitis: hepatitis A, hepatitis B, and hepatitis C. There is no vaccine for hepatitis C.

Hepatitis A and hepatitis B can be spread from person to person, albeit in different ways. They have similar symptoms, including abdominal pain, fever, fatigue, joint pain, and jaundice (yellowing of the skin and white of the eyes).

Over the past 20 years, there has been a 90 percent reduction in hepatitis A and an 80 percent decrease in hepatitis B in the U.S. Health experts believe that vaccination efforts have led to a decline in infection rates.

How Hepatitis Spreads

Hepatitis A: About 20,000 people in the U.S. get hepatitis A each year. The hepatitis A virus is found in the organ of an infected person. It is transmitted through food or contaminated water or certain types of sex.

Children who get type hepatitis usually have no symptoms, so they may have the virus but not know it. However, they can still spread easily.

Most people who get hepatitis A type recover fully within two to six weeks and have no liver damage. In rare cases, hepatitis A can cause liver failure and even death in older adults or people with lower liver disease.

Hepatitis B: Each year, some 40,000 people in the U.S. develop hepatitis B. hepatitis lasts from a few weeks to a few months. Most people with the virus can clear the virus and remain viral after a critical stage.
For some, however, the virus remains in the body, and they develop chronic hepatitis B virus, a serious, long-term condition.
About 1.2 million people in the US have chronic hepatitis B. Of these, 15% to 25% will have serious health problems, such as liver damage, cirrhosis, liver failure, and liver cancer, and some people die of hepatitis. B-related disease.

Hepatitis A and B vaccines

Our immune system fights off foreign invaders every day, just as we do when we catch a flu virus. When this happens, we become immune to that particular virus. This means that our bodies will fight off the virus if they become infected again.

The same protection occurs with vaccines. However, the advantage of vaccination is that you do not have to be sick for your body to fight the disease.

Gregory Poland, MD, director of the Mayo Clinic Vaccine Research Group, explains that vaccine for hepatitis contains a small amount of inactive virus. When you receive a dose of the vaccine, say, your immune cells respond by developing antibodies against the virus. This defense lasts a long time.

“So when I get these two doses of hepatitis A vaccine and then expose it 30 years from now, my body will remember that vaccine and immediately start producing antibodies again,” said Poland.

Because of the way hepatitis vaccines are made, it is impossible to detect the virus in the vaccine itself, according to Poland.

For long-term protection from these germs, it is important to get all the shots as planned.

Who Should Get Hepatitis Vaccines?

Since the introduction of vaccines, vaccines for hepatitis A and B have become part of the standard immunization program for children.

People at risk of getting hepatitis A to include:

  • Anyone visiting or working in areas where hepatitis A is more prevalent.
  • People whose work exposes them to hepatitis A, such as those who work with hepatitis A in
  • research laboratories.
  • The person with chronic liver disease
  • Men have sex with men

People at risk of getting hepatitis B include:

  • Anyone visiting or working in areas where hepatitis B is most prevalent.
  • Health workers and other people whose work exposes them to human blood
  • People with HIV, late kidney disease, or chronic liver disease
  • The person living with someone with hepatitis B
  • People who inject street drugs
  • Sex-loving people who have had more than one partner
  • Anyone who has ever had an STD
  • Men have sex with men
  • Sex partners of people with hepatitis B

Poland also recommends that parents and siblings of children diagnosed with hepatitis A and/or hepatitis B increase the incidence of the hepatitis B vaccine.

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