Causes & Signs of Type 2 Diabetes in Men – Health care

Men with Type 2 diabetes

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Type 2 diabetes, formerly called insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus or type 2 diabetes mellitus, is the most common type of diabetes, affecting 90 to 95 percent of the 13 million men with diabetes.

Diabetes rates have skyrocketed in all provinces. Another major escape was among men.

The risk of developing type 2 diabetes usually increases with age. People who do not have other risk factors in this condition should start testing after 45 years.

Unlike people with type 1 diabetes, people with type 2 diabetes make insulin. But it is not enough, even if their bodies do not see insulin and use it properly.

If insulin is insufficient or insulin cannot be used properly, sugar (glucose) cannot enter your cells for fuel. Sugar builds up in the blood, and your cells do not function as they should. Other problems associated with high blood sugar include:

Dehydration. High blood sugar can make you urinate a lot (trying to remove sugar from the body). When the kidneys lose their sugar in the urine, too much water is lost, resulting in dehydration.

Hyperosmolar nonketotic diabetesic coma. When a person with type 2 diabetes is severely dehydrated and does not drink enough fluid to shut down the fluid, he may have this life-threatening condition.

Physical injury. Over time, high blood sugar levels can damage the nerves and blood vessels of the eyes, kidneys, and heart and put a person at greater risk for coronary artery disease, which can lead to heart disease or stroke.

Who gets type 2 diabetes?

Anyone can get type 2 diabetes. But the risk is much higher for people:

  • Are you overweight or obese
  • Have family members with type 2 diabetes
  • Have metabolic syndrome (a set of problems that include high cholesterol, high triglycerides, low
  • HDL or “good” cholesterol and high LDL or “bad” cholesterol, and high blood pressure)
  • Do not get up and move around too much
  • Eat foods high in sugar and refined carbohydrates as well as low fiber and grains

In addition, older people are more likely to get the disease because aging makes the body less tolerant of sugar.

What causes type 2 diabetes?

Although more common than type 1 diabetes, type 2 diabetes is poorly understood. Probably a factor as to why they’re doing so.

Type 2 diabetes can start in families, but the exact nature of how it is inherited or the identity of one of its causes in your genes is unknown.

What are the Symptoms of Type 2 Diabetes?
Symptoms of type 2 diabetes vary from person to person but can include:

  • More thirst
  • Extra hunger (especially after meals)
  • Dry mouth
  • Nausea and vomiting from time to time
  • Frequent urination
  • Fatigue (weakness, feeling tired)
  • Blurred vision
  • Numbness or itching of the hands or feet
  • Frequent infection of the skin or urinary tract

It is rare for a person to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes after showing symptoms in a hospital while in a diabetic coma.

How is type 2 diabetes diagnosed?

If your doctor suspects type 2 diabetes, he or she will first check for signs of high blood pressure (high blood sugar levels). In addition, they may check your sugar or ketone bodies in your urine.

Tests used to diagnose type 2 diabetes include rapid glucose testing and abnormal glucose testing.

Problems with type 2 diabetes

If your type 2 diabetes is not properly managed, you may experience more serious or life-threatening complications, including:

Retinopathy. People with type 2 diabetes may already have eye problems related to the disease. And in the long run, people who do not have diabetes-related eye problems may develop some type of eye problem. It is important to control not only sugar but also blood pressure and cholesterol to stop eye infections from getting worse. Fortunately, vision loss is not important for many.

Kidney damage. The chances of developing kidney disease increase over time, which means that if you have diabetes for a long time, your risk is higher. This problem has a high risk of serious illness – such as kidney failure and heart disease.

Hemorrhage and nerve damage. Nerve damage and vascular stiffness lead to less sensitivity and less blood flow to the feet. This can lead to many diseases and a high risk of ulcerative colitis. Next, this can greatly increase the risk of amputation. Emotional damage can also cause digestive problems, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea.

How Can I Control My Diabetes?

A lot. Studies show that 90 percent of type 2 diabetes can be prevented – or delayed – by a healthy diet and adequate exercise. The strongest evidence for this came from a study of 3,234 people who were overweight and had high blood glucose levels, which put them at risk for diabetes.

Those who follow a program of exercise and diet aimed at losing weight – in this case, an average of 15 pounds – have reduced their risk of diabetes by 58%. Those in the age group 60 and older reduced their risk by 71%. And these were people who were already at high risk of developing diabetes. Keep your weight down and stay active, experts say, and you are in a better position to avoid diabetes.

How Is Diabetes Treated?

Diabetes diagnosis is not the end of the world. In some cases, lifestyle changes can keep the disease completely under control. Nevertheless, many people with diabetes need to take oral medication that lowers blood sugar. If this is not enough to do the job, insulin (inhaled and/or injected) may be needed, sometimes with oral drugs. Several new drugs that work with insulin to improve blood sugar management have been approved by the FDA.

What Else Do I Need to Know About Diabetes?

Experts say that a healthy diet designed to prevent type 2 diabetes includes whole grains, fruits, and vegetables, and avoids sugar and refined carbohydrates.

Studies suggest that alcohol may protect against diabetes. Combining data from 15 studies, researchers found that moderate alcohol consumption reduced the risk of type 2 diabetes by almost 30%. But excessive drinking increased the risk. Here, as always, the word is moderation, such as one drink daily.

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