Treating asthma in children ages 5 to 11 – Health care

Treatment of asthma in children aged 5 to 11 years

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Treatment of asthma in children aged 5 to 11 years
Treatment of asthma in children aged 5 to 11 years

Treating asthma in children aged 5 to 11 requires some special techniques. Get tips on symptoms, medications, and asthma action plans.

Asthma in children is one of the most common causes of missing school days.
The mood can interfere with sleep, play, and other activities.

Asthma is incurable, but you and your baby can reduce the symptoms by following an asthma plan.
This is a written program that works with your child’s doctor to monitor symptoms and adjust treatment.

Treatment of asthma in children improves daily breathing, reduces asthma attacks, and helps reduce some of the problems caused by asthma.
With proper treatment, even severe asthma can be controlled.

Asthma symptoms in children aged 5-11

Common asthma symptoms in children aged 5 to 11 include:

  • Cough, especially at night
  • Breathing
  • Breathing hard
  • Chest pain, tightness, or discomfort
  • Avoidance or loss of interest in sports or physical activities
  • acute asthma attack

Some children have a few daily symptoms but occasionally have severe asthma attacks.
Some children have mild symptoms or symptoms that get worse from time to time.
You may notice that your child’s asthma symptoms worsen at night, at work, when your child has a fever, or at other stimulants such as cigarette smoke or allergies at certain times of the year.

Asthma emergencies

Severe asthma attacks can be life-threatening and require a trip to the emergency room. Signs and symptoms of asthma emergency in children aged 5 to 11 include:

  • Breathing hard
  • Persistent cough or shortness of breath
  • There is no improvement even after using a quick-release inhaler, such as albuterol (ProAir HFA, Ventolin HFA, others)
  • Inability to speak without panting
  • Readings of high flow meters in the red area
  • mouth breathing and anxiety

Diagnosis and monitoring of asthma

In children 5 years and older, doctors can diagnose and monitor asthma with the same tests used by adults, such as spirometry and peak flow meters.
Measure how much air your baby can quickly expel from his lungs, which is an indication of how well the lungs are working.

Using a peak flow meter

The doctor may give your child a handheld device (peak flow meter) to measure his or her lung function.
The peak flow meter measures how much air your baby can expel as quickly.

A low reading indicates an increase in asthma.
You and your baby can see readings of a high flow rate before symptoms appear. This will help you determine when to adjust the treatment to prevent asthma attacks.

Treatment of asthma

If your child’s asthma symptoms are severe, your family doctor or pediatrician may refer your child to an asthma specialist.

The doctor will want your child to take the right amount and the type of medicine needed to control asthma.
This will help prevent side effects.

Based on your record of how well your child’s current medications seem to be managing the signs and symptoms, your child’s doctor may “upgrade” the treatment to a higher dose or add another type of medication.

Long-term control medications

Also known as nutritional supplements, these are usually taken daily for long periods to control progressive asthma. These medicines can be used from time to time if your child’s asthma symptoms get worse at certain times of the year.

Types of long-term control medications include:

Inspired corticosteroids.

These are standard medications for long-term asthma control. These anti-inflammatory drugs include fluticasone (Flovent HFA), budesonide (Pulmicort Flexhaler), beclomethasone (Qvar RediHaler), ciclesonide (Alvesco, Omnaris), and mometasone (Asmanex HFA).

Leukotriene modifiers.

These include montelukast (Singulair), zafirlukast (Accolate), and zileuton (Zyflo). They can be used alone or as an adjunct in the treatment of inhaled corticosteroids.

In rare cases, montelukast and zileuton have been linked to psychological reactions such as nausea, anger, hallucinations, depression, and suicidal thoughts. Seek medical advice immediately if your child has an abnormal psychological reaction.

Combined inhalers.

These drugs contain corticosteroid-inspired and long-acting beta-agonist (LABA). It includes a combination of fluticasone-salmeterol (Advair HFA), budesonide-formoterol (Symbicort), fluticasone-vilanterol (Breo, Ellipta) and mometasone-formoterol (Dulera). In some cases, long-acting beta-agonists have been linked to severe asthma attacks.

LABA medication should be given to children only when combined with a corticosteroid in a combination inhaler. This reduces the risk of severe asthma attacks.

Theophylline.

This is a daily medication that opens the respiratory tract (bronchodilator). Theophylline (Theo-24, Elixophyllin) is not used as often now as in previous years.

Biology.

Nveli, an injectable drug, is given to children every four weeks to help control severe asthma. Children 6 years and older can benefit from the addition of this treatment to their current treatment plan.

Immediately ‘rescue’ drugs

These medications – called short-acting bronchodilators – provide rapid relief of asthma symptoms and last four to six hours.
Levalbuterol (Xopenex) is another.

Although these medicines work quickly, they cannot keep your child’s symptoms from returning. If your child has normal or severe symptoms, he or she will need to take long-acting medications such as inhaled corticosteroids.

Your baby’s asthma is uncontrollable if he or she often needs to use a sniffer. Relying on a sniffer to control symptoms puts your child at risk for severe asthma attacks and is a sign that your child needs to see a doctor to make changes. Track the use of immediate relief medications, and share information with your child’s doctor every time you visit.

Asthma attacks are treated with sedatives, as well as oral or injectable corticosteroids.

Drug delivery equipment

Many asthma medications are given by a machine that allows a child to inhale the medicine directly into the lungs. Your child’s medication may be provided by one of the following resources:

Limited dose inhaler. In small hand-held machines, metered dose inhalers are a common method of delivery of asthma medications. To ensure that your child gets the right dose, he or she may also need a vacuum tube (spacer) attached to the sniffer.

Dry powder inhaler. With certain asthma medications, your child may have a dry powder inhaler. This machine needs a deep, quick smell to get the full dose of medication.

Nebulizer. The nebulizer turns the medication into a mist that your baby breathes with a face mask. Nebulizers can deliver larger doses to the lungs than inhalers. Young children often need to use a nebulizer because it is difficult or impossible for them to use other sniffing devices.

Immunotherapy or injectable medicine for asthma caused by allergies

Your baby will start with a skin test to find out what causes allergies (allergies) that can cause asthma symptoms.

Once the causes of your child’s asthma have been identified, they will receive a series of injections containing small doses of those allergies. Your son or daughter will probably need injections once a week for a few months, and then once a month for three to five years. Allergies to your child and symptoms of asthma should gradually subside.

Asthma Control: Steps for children aged 5 to 11 years

Controlling your child’s asthma may seem like a daunting task. Following these steps will help make it easier.

Learn about asthma

An important part of controlling your child’s asthma is learning what steps you should take daily, weekly, monthly, and yearly. It is also important that you understand the purpose of each component for tracking symptoms and adjusting treatment. You, your child, and caregivers need:

  • Understand the different types of asthma medications and how they work
  • Learn to recognize and record the signs and symptoms of severe asthma
  • Know what to do if your baby’s asthma is getting worse

Trace the symbols in a written order

A written plan for asthma is an important tool to let you know how effective the treatment is, based on your child’s symptoms. Together with your child’s doctor, create a written asthma plan that outlines the steps needed to control your child’s asthma. You and your child’s caregivers, including midwives, teachers, and trainers, should have a copy of this plan.

The program can help you and your child:

  • Keep track of how often your child develops asthma (obesity)
  • Note how well the medication controls the symptoms
  • Be aware of any side effects of the medication, such as tremors, irritability, or sleep problems
  • Check your baby’s lungs for good with a peak flow meter
  • Evaluate how much your child’s symptoms affect daily activities such as play, sleep, and games
    Adjust medication if symptoms worsen
  • See when you can see a doctor or seek medical attention

Many asthma programs use a light-emitting system for green, yellow, and red areas that are accompanied by worsening symptoms. This program can help you quickly determine the severity of asthma and see the symptoms of asthma attacks. Some asthma programs use an asymptomatic questionnaire called the Asthma Control Test to measure asthma seizures in the past month.

Control the causes of asthma

Taking steps to help your child avoid triggers is an important part of controlling asthma. The causes of asthma vary from child to child. Work with your child’s doctor to identify potential dangers and steps you can take to help your child avoid them. Common causes of asthma include:

Fever or other respiratory illnesses
Allergens are like worms of dust or pollen

  • A pet
  • Exercise
  • Cold weather
  • Mold and humidity
  • Exposure ends
  • Cigarette smoke and other irritants in the air
  • Severe heartburn (gastroesophageal reflux disease, or GERD)

Key to controlling asthma: Stick to a plan

Following and reviewing your child’s asthma action plan is key to keeping asthma under control.
The sooner you do it, the less likely your child is to have a seizure, and they will not need more medication to control the symptoms.

With careful asthma management, your child should be able to avoid asthma and reduce the risk of asthma.

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