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For most people, asthma attacks are more likely to occur in winter.
“There are two challenges for people with asthma in the winter.
One is that they spend a lot of time inside.
Another is that it is cold outside, ”said H. James Wedner, MD, an asthma specialist at the University of Washington in St. Louis.
While indoors, you breathe in the things that cause asthma, such as fungi, pets, dust mites, and even fires.
When you go out, you may have asthma attacks from the cold air.
Here’s how to put one together for use with your cold months.
Learn Your Causes
If you inhale something that stimulates your asthma, your airways – the tubes in your lungs that carry air – may become constricted and blocked by mucus.
You may cough, gasp, and struggle to hold your breath.
Talk to your doctor about testing to find out what your causes are.
Once you know yourself, you can make some changes at home that will help:
Limit time near pets. Having a dog or cat in your home can cause asthma.
Try to keep it out of the room. Reducing the causes of allergies while sleeping can make a big difference, says Wedner.
Bedding cover. If the larvae are bullets, use mosquito covers on mattresses, box springs, and pillows, he said.
This helps keep dust larvae from moving overnight.
“Keep the house cool and dry – dust worms and mold don’t grow well when it’s cool and dry,” Wedner said.
Ways to help keep your home dry during the winter include:
Run a fan in your bathroom when you take a shower or shower.
Use an exhaust fan in the kitchen when cooking or using a dishwasher.
Repair leaking pipes and windows.
The common cold and flu are both more likely to strike in the winter and can lead to asthma attacks.
You can reduce your family’s risk of these diseases, however:
Wash your hands. This helps keep germs out of your body when you touch your eyes, nose, or mouth.
Get rid of sick people. If a co-worker or friend has a cold or flu, stay away.
Get a flu shot. Experts estimate that more people get a flu shot each year. This helps to prevent you from catching a cold.
Tips to Avoid the Cold Wind
To protect yourself from asthma attacks due to the cold weather, Wedner offers the following suggestions:
Cover your face: Wear a scarf over your mouth and nose, or wear a winter face mask that covers the lower part of your face.
Exercise indoors. Exercise at the gym or inside your home, or walk on the treadmill inside the mall.
Treating Asthma in Winter
People with asthma are not limited to taking immediate relief; they often need to take medication daily to control asthma for a long time.
But sometimes they make the mistake of stopping treatment when they no longer feel the symptoms, Wedner said.
Therefore, even if you have not had a rash for a long time, be sure to follow your doctor’s instructions for controlling your asthma.
As winter approaches, make sure you have current instructions for all medicines.
Talk to your doctor about an asthma action plan, says Daniel Jackson, MD, of the University of Wisconsin.
The plan should specify when you should take each type of medication and when you should call your doctor or seek emergency medical help. Divide the program into three categories or areas:
How to treat your asthma when you feel better and have no symptoms.
What to do if you start having symptoms.
Steps to take if your symptoms are bad or you can’t control them.
You probably won’t need to change your operating system in the winter, Jackson said.
But since you probably need it most during the colder months, be sure to update your plan before winter and keep it close.
As winter approaches, you can help your child with a few asthma problems, and:
Give them some responsibility to keep their asthma under control.
This includes knowing how to avoid triggers and how to follow their action plan.
Discuss your child’s app with the school nurse.
Teach the importance of washing your hands properly, especially during cold and flu.