How Do Alpha Blockers Work? – Ability, Uses, Side Effects, Drug Names

HOW DO ALPHA-BLOCKERS WORK?- Ability, Uses, Side Effects, Drug Names

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WHAT ARE ALPHA-BLOCKERS AND HOW DO THEY WORK?

Alpha-blockers, known as alpha-adrenergic antagonists, are used to treat conditions of high blood pressure, benign prostatic hyperplasia, and Raynaud’s disease, a rare form of circulatory disorder.

Alpha-blockers affect the sympathetic nervous system and act by blocking alpha receptors.

There are two types: alpha receptor 1 and alpha receptor 2.

Alpha receptors 1are present in the smooth muscles of the skin, sphincters of the digestive system, kidneys, and brain.

Alpha receptors 2 are located at the end of the boundary nerve.

This is a response to maintaining norepinephrine levels, which maintain blood flow through congestion and vascular clearance.

Alpha-blockers are divided into three types:

Non-alpha-blockers (alpha 1 and alpha 2)

These alpha-blockers dilate blood vessels by blocking alpha 1 and alpha 2 receptors.

Inhibition of alpha-1 receptors causes dilation of blood vessels by inhibiting the activity of catecholamines that cause vasoconstriction. Inhibition of alpha-2 receptors increases norepinephrine release.

This reduces the vasodilation potential caused by the inhibition of alpha-1 receptors.

These drugs are used in conditions that increase sympathetic activity suppression treatment of pheochromocytoma (a rare, uncommon cancerous tumor (from the genitals).

Alpha-1 blocker selected
This increases free blood flow and lowers blood pressure.

These receptors cause smooth muscle relaxation in the prostate, improve urinary flow in patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia.

Alpha-2 blocker selected
These alpha-blockers work by blocking alpha-2 receptors and creating a negative response to norepinephrine, which stimulates the sensitive nervous system.

HOW ARE ALPHA-BLOCKERS USED?

  • Benign prostate hyperplasia
  • High blood pressure
  • Pheochromocytoma
  • Heart failure
  • Dermal necrosis
  • Raynaud’s condition
  • Improve the delivery of organized oxygen and stabilize lung flow
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WHAT ARE THE EFFECTS OF ALPHA-BLOCKERS?

  • Postural hypotension.
  • Dizziness and fainting
  • Headache
  • Nose pressure
  • Border edema
  • Decreased ejaculation

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Ask your doctor or pharmacist to make sure that these medicines do not cause any side effects if you take them with other medicines. Never stop taking your medication and never change your dose or dose without consulting your doctor.

WHAT ARE THE DRUG NAMES OF ALPHA-BLOCKERS?
Drug names include:

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